The nursery is set-up to facilitate the grow-out and handling of Macadamia rooted cuttings and micro-grafts of select cultivars. All of our trees are supplied by Red Sun Hortitech in Tzaneen, South Aftrica. Once they arrive at North Route, they are re-potted and housed in the nursery for their grow-out period of up to 12 months. In this time plants are nurtured and monitored.
Our close working relationship with Red Sun, ensures that we source, grow and supply the farmer with true cultivars, are always at the cutting-edge of industry practice and that we provide growers with on-going support and technical expertise derived directly from one of the most advanced and successful nursery operations in Southern Africa.
- Vigorous growth
- Requires less tree management
- Early Return, expected harvest after 3 yrs
- Consistent performer
- Mid-season flower – extended harvest
The most common variety grown in South Africa (70%), 695 has a superior root system and is the most commonly used root stock for other varieties. This variety has been highly recommended by Lowveld (S.A.) farmers, due to the hardiness of the tree. It is a good base to start from especially in an area relatively new to farming macadamia.
Beaumont should start bearing fruit in 3-4 years after planting and produce 4 tonnes per Ha. “nut in shell” after 8-10 years.
- Makes up 14% of SA’s macadamia orchards
- Produces large uniformed kernel
- High % kernel recovery
- Large, upright-shaped tree
- Short season allows for earlier management
- Late season flower, early harvest
- Small upright, open tree
- produces mediuam – small round, even size nuts
- Starts bearing at an early age
- Mid Season – Late Harvest
- Precocious growing tree
- Out-yields all other varieties in early years
- Vigorous growth, similar to 695
- Early flower – early harvest
- Willowy growth
- Requires staking and attention in early stage
- Thin shell
- Top-performer in crack-out and yield
- Slow grower
- Late season flower – early harvest
A4 has a greater sound kernel recovery (SKR) of 40% as opposed to 35% of the 695, as well first grade kernels greater than 95%. The A4 will take a longer time to bear fruit but the crack out (size/quality) is higher. The tonnage will be less than the 695 but the bottom line can still be greater.
In terms of cross pollination both Beaumont and A4 flower at similar times of the year thus the two varieties work well farmed together.
North Route Nursery was established in October 2017 by Peter & Lara Deary.
Faced with the obvious challenge of sourcing macadamia trees (of true cultivars) in Zambia, we were intrigued by the idea of growing-out top quality plants and supplying them locally. And so, with some much needed investment and a partnership agreement with Red Sun Hortitech, North Route Nursery was born.
Working in partnership with Red Sun Hortitech guarantees that we bring in high-quality trees (of true cultivars) and can rely on decades of experience and knowledge to ensure that we produce “perfect plants”. Not only does this mean that we can supply superior, field-ready trees, but can also provide the farmer with a support system when the trees are in the ground.
With roots in the Mpumalanga Lowveld (which over the past 20 years has become one of the biggest macadamia nut producing regions in the world) and frequent visits to Kiepersol, we have also been fortunate enough to tap into a strong knowledge base and continue to receive input and support from some of the top growers in that area.
Having lived in Zambia for the past 7 years, it has been encouraging to see the recent push towards macadamias. With world-wide statistics suggesting a continued and growing demand for this super food, we feel positive that Zambia could become a top producer of macadamias globally in the not-so-distant future!